The Egyptian People   Egyptian Religion Egyptian language Cities of Egypt


Country name:
conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
conventional short form: Egypt
local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
local short form: Misr
Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94% (official estimate),
Coptic Christian and other 6% (official estimate)
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Location: North East Africa bordering Palestine (Gaza Strip) 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya
1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km
Capital: Cairo
Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Population: 76,117,421 (July 2004 est.)
Ethnic Make-up: Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian,
Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
Government: republic


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